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ESAB Knowledge center.

Choosing Welding Consumables

The tables are guides for choosing the correct welding consumable when welding similar or dissimilar materials. If the materials you need to join are not on the list, please contact us.

Joining Similar Materials

The table gives typical selections of welding consumables and basic designations for wire electrodes and filler wire/rods. It does not indicate the silicon-alloyed variants used for MIG welding or the variants of covered electrodes or wire-flux combinations for submerged arc welding.

Base metal

Exaton Welding Consumable

ASTM/UNS

ISO

Exaton

Normal choice 1

Over-alloyed choice 1

304L2

1.43062

3R122

19.9.L (19.9.Nb)

19.12.3.L (19.12.3.Nb)

321 /3472

1.4541 /1.45502

6R35 / 8R402

19.9.Nb (19.9.L)

19.12.3.Nb (19.12.3.L)

316L2

1.44352

3R602

19.12.3.L (19.12.3.Nb)

25.22.2.LMn

"316Ti" 2, 3 / 3182

1.45712 / -

5R752 / -

19.12.3.Nb (19.12.3.L)

(20.25.5.LCu)

317L

1.4438

3R64

19.13.4.L

20.25.5.LCu

310

1.48452

7RE102

25.20.C

-

S30815

1.4835

253 MA*

22.12.HT

-

S35315

1.4854

353 MA*

28.34.HT

-

"310"3

1.4435

2RE10

25.20.L

(25.22.2.LMn)

S31050

1.4466

2RE69

25.22.2.LMn

-

S31500

1.4417

3RE60

22.8.3.L

-

S31803

1.4462

SAF 2205

22.8.3.L

25.10.4.L

S32205

1.4462

SAF 2205

22.8.2.L

25.10.4.L

S32304

1.4362

SAF 2304

23.7.L

22.8.3.L

S32750

1.4410

SAF 2507

25.10.4.L4

27.7.5.L

S32707

-

SAF 2707 HD

27.7.5.L

-

S32906

-

SAF 2906

29.8.2.L

-

N08028

1.4563

Sanicro 28

27.31.4.LCu

-

N08904

1.4539

2RK65

20.25.5.LCu

27.31.4.LCu

S31254

1.4547

254 SMO*

Sanicro 60

-

Alloy 600

-

Sanicro 70

Sanicro 72HP

-

Alloy 625

-

-

Sanicro 60

-

Alloy 690

-

-

Sanicro 68HP

Sanicro 69

-

Alloy 800

1.4876

Sanicro 31HT

Sanicro 72HP

-

Alloy 825

-

Sanicro 41

27.31.4.LCu

Sanicro 60

1) Alternative selection within brackets.
2) Also other grades with similar chemical composition (minor variations mainly the C and/or N contents). Stabilizing element,
if any, can be either Ti or Nb.
3) "xxx" = constructed classification, denotes the type.
4) Sandvik 25.10.4.L can also be used for the welding of other similar super-duplex steels as well as for a group of 25% Cr duplex steels with PRE values between 37 and 40 (UNS S31803 has PRE 35 and UNS S32750 PRE >41).
* 253 MA, 353 MA and 254 SMO are trademarks owned by Outokumpu OY.

Joining Dissimilar Materials


The table gives our recommendations for the most suitable welding consumable when dissimilar materials are to be joined. If the materials you need to join are not on the list, please contact us.

Base metal 1a

Base metal 2b

Type

ASTM/UNS

ASTM/UNS

EN

Exaton welding consumable

EN

Exaton

Carbon and low-alloyed steel

304L

1.4306

18.8.Mn/24.13.LHF/22.15.3.L

321

1.4541

18.8.Mn/24.13.LHF/22.15.3.L

347

1.4550

18.8.Mn/24.13.LHF/22.15.3.L

316L

1.4435

18.8.Mn/24.13.LHF/22.15.3.L

"316Ti"/318

1.4571/-

18.8.Mn/24.13.LHF/22.15.3.L

S30815

1.4835

22.12.HT

S35315

1.4854

28.34.HT

S31803

1.4462

22.8.3.L

S32304

1.4362

22.8.3.L

S32750

1.4410

25.10.4.L

S32906

-

29.8.2.L

N08028

1.4563

27.31.4.LCu

N08904

1.4539

20.25.5.LCu

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 72HP/ Sanicro 60

18/8, 304L,

321/347

1.4541/1.4550

19.9.L/19.9.Nb

316L

1.4435

19.12.3.L

1.4306

"316Ti"/318

1.4571/-

19.12.3.L/19.12.3.Nb

3R12

S30815

1.4835

22.12.HT

S35315

1.4854

28.34.HT

S31803

1.4462

22.8.3.L

S32304

1.4362

22.8.3.L

S32750

1.4410

25.10.4.L

S32906

-

29.8.2.L

N08028

1.4563

27.31.4.LCu

N08904

1.4539

20.25.5.LCu

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 72HP/ Sanicro 60

18/8/Ti or Nb

316L

1.4435

19.12.3.L

321/347

"316Ti"/318

1.4571/-

19.12.3.L/19.12.3.Nb

1.4541/1.4550

S30815

1.4835

22.12.HT

6R35/8R40

S35315

1.4854

28.34.HT

S31803

1.4462

22.8.3.L

S32304

1.4362

22.8.3.L

S32750

1.4410

25.10.4.L

S32906

-

29.8.2.L

N08028

1.4563

27.31.4.LCu

N08904

1.4539

20.25.5.LCu

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 72HP/ Sanicro 60

18/12/Mo

"316Ti"/318

1.4571/-

19.12.3.L/19.12.3.Nb

316L

S30815

1.4835

22.12.HT

1.4435

S35315

1.4854

28.34.HT

3R60

S31803

1.4462

22.8.3.L

S32304

1.4362

22.8.3.L

S32750

1.4410

25.10.4.L

S32906

-

29.8.2.L

N08028

1.4563

27.31.4.LCu

N08904

1.4539

20.25.5.LCu

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 72HP/ Sanicro 60

18/12/Mo/Ti

S30815

1.4835

22.12.HT

or Nb

S35315

1.4854

28.34.HT

"316Ti"/318

S31803

1.4462

22.8.3.L

1.4571/-

S32304

1.4362

22.8.3.L

5R75

S32750

1.4410

25.10.4.L

S32906

-

29.8.2.L

N08028

1.4563

27.31.4.LCu

N08904

1.4539

20.25.5.LCu

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 72HP/ Sanicro 60

Duplex

S32750

1.4410

25.10.4.L

S31803

S32906

-

29.8.2.L

1.4462

N08028

1.4563

27.31.4.LCu

SAF 2205

N08904

1.4539

20.25.5.LCu

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 72HP/ Sanicro 60

Duplex

S32750

1.4410

25.10.4.L

S32304

S32906

-

29.8.2.L

1.4362

N08028

1.4563

27.31.4.LCu

SAF 2304

N08904

1.4539

20.25.5.LCu

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 72HP/ Sanicro 60

Super-duplex

N08028

1.4563

Sanicro 60

S32750

N08904

1.4539

Sanicro 60

1.4410

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

SAF 2507

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 60

Super-duplex

N08028

1.4563

Sanicro 60

S32906

N08904

1.4539

Sanicro 60

-

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

SAF 2906

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 60

20/25/5

N08028

1.4563

Sanicro 60

N08904

S31254

1.4547

Sanicro 60

1.4539

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 60

2RK65

20/18/6

N08028

1.4563

Sanicro 60

S31254

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 60

1.4547

254 SMO

27/31/4

Alloy 600c

-

Sanicro 60

N08028

1.4563

Sanicro 28

a Each group of stainless steels is also valid for other grades
with similar compositions.
b Also other steels with similar compositions.
c Represents a whole group of Ni/Cr and Ni/Cr/Mo alloys, such as Alloy 625, Alloy 800 and Alloy 825.

Posted in Filler Metals , Tagged with Exaton

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