EMERGENCY AND FIRST-AID PROCEDURES
First aid is immediate, temporary treatment
given in the event of accident or illness. Immediate first aid (within four
minutes) may be the difference between
complete recovery, permanent impairment, or death. INHALATION
Workers with symptoms of exposure to fumes and
gases should go to an uncontaminated area and
inhale fresh air or oxygen. If unconscious, immediately remove to an uncontaminated
area and call a physician.
Administer oxygen by mask if the person is breathing. If breathing has stopped,
resuscitation (CPR), preferably with simultaneous administration of oxygen. Keep
the victim warm and
at rest. EYE
- Contact lenses, if worn, should be removed. Irrigate
the eyes immediately with large amounts of water for 15
minutes. Occasionally hold the eyelids
apart to insure complete irrigation. Apply a dry protective dressing. Call for
emergency medical assistance.
Dont remove dust from the eyes
yourself. Get medical assistance. For
arc welding Flash burns cover the eye with cold (preferably iced)
compresses for 5 to 10 minutes; then repeat.
Apply a dry protective dressing. Call for emergency medical assistance. Dont
rub the eye. Dont use ointments
or drops unless prescribed by a physician. SKIN
For skin contact with irritants, flush the areas
with large amounts of water, and then wash with soap and
water. Remove contaminated clothing.
If mucous membranes are irritated, flush with water. Wash cuts and scrapes
with mild soap and water. Avoid contamination.
Apply a dry sterile dressing. For
thermal burns, cold water is an effective first aid measure. If skin is not broken,
immerse burn part in clean cold water
or apply clean ice to relieve pain. Do not disturb or open blisters. Prevent contamination.
Bandage loosely with
a clean dry dressing. Call for emergency medical assistance.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND ELECTRICAL BURNS
Disconnect and turn off power. Remove victim from
nonconducting materials if the rescuer must resort to pulling the victim from
the live contact. Rescuers must first
protect themselves by use of insulated materials such as gloves. If the victim
is not breathing, administer CPR as
soon as contact is broken. Call for emergency medical assistance. Continue CPR
until spontaneous breathing has
been restored or until a physician arrives. Administer oxygen. Keep comfortably
warm. Keep horizontal until there
is no further evidence of shock. Treat electrical burns as thermal burns. For
electrical burns apply clean, cold (iced)
compresses. Prevent contamination. Cover with a clean dry dressing. Call for emergency